Supreme Court of Canada –  1 S.C.R. 393Saskatchewan
The Sundown case confirms that Aboriginals have the right to build shelters, even permanent ones, on public land so long as these constructions are incidental to the exercise of their aboriginal rights. Since the right to build these shelters is collective, a single member could not forbid access to its shelter to other members.
Is the building of a shelter considered an incidental practice of Sundown’s treaty right to hunt for food?
Supreme Court of Canada –  1 S.C.R. 95Saskatchewan Aboriginal rightsTreaties
This case lies on the interpretation of the Alberta Natural Resources Transfer Agreement.
The Supreme Court considers that the Agreement exempts all Indians hunting for food in Alberta, and not only those who live there, from complying with the Wildlife Act.
Are Aboriginal hunting rights confined to the province of residency?
Moosehunter v. The Queen Supreme Court of Canada –  1 S.C.R. 282Saskatchewan Application of laws to AboriginalsJurisdiction over IndiansTreaties
This case determined that with their numbered treaty, Aboriginal peoples had a “right to access” to certain Crown lands. If they have a right to access, they also have the right to hunt for food there without limitation by provincial laws.
The Natural Resources Agreement is a consolidation and unification of Treaty 6 rights.
Is the Cookson Wildlife Management Unit occupied land to which Indians have a right of access within the meaning of the Natural Resources Agreement?
Supreme Court of Canada –  1 S.C.R. 187Saskatchewan Aboriginal rightsApplication of laws to AboriginalsTreaties
This case concerns the application of laws to Aboriginals when they exercise aboriginal rights to hunt, protected by treaty, on private lands.
The Court accepted to interpret the historic treaty in light of external, historical evidence, but nonetheless refused to recognize that these rights applied to private lands.
Do Indians have a right to hunt on private property in Saskatchewan?